A casualty status for which the United States Code provides
guidance concerning missing members of the Military Services.
are personnel who are in an absent without leave,
A person declared missing is categorized as
- beleaguered –
The casualty is a member of an organized element that
surrounded by a hostile force to prevent escape of its members.
- besieged –
The casualty is a member of an organized element that has
been surrounded by a hostile force for compelling it to surrender.
- captured –
The casualty has been seized as a result of action of an
unfriendly military or paramilitary force in a foreign country.
- detained –
The casualty is prevented from proceeding or is
custody for alleged violation of international law or other
claimed by the government or group under which the person is being
- interned –
The casualty is definitely known to have been taken into
custody of a
nonbelligerent foreign power as a result of and for reasons
arising out of any
armed conflict in which the Armed Forces of the United
States are engaged.
- missing –
The casualty is not present at his or her duty location
apparent involuntary reasons and whose location is unknown.
- missing in action –
The casualty is a hostile casualty, other than
the victim of a terrorist activity,
who is not present at his or her duty
location due to apparent
involuntary reasons and whose location is unknown.
Also called MIA.