Sudanese adventurer Rabih al-Zubayr conquers the
kingdoms of Ouadai, Baguirmi and Kanem-Bornu.
France defeats al-Zubayr's army.
French conquest of Chad completed.
Chad becomes a
colony within French Equatorial Africa.
Chad becomes a French overseas territory with its
parliament and 'representation' in the French National
Chad becomes independent w/ southern
Francois Tombalbaye, as president.
Later, he changes his name to Ngarta.
Ban on political parties triggers rebellion in the Muslim north,
led by the Chadian National Liberation
Front, or Frolinat.
Northern revolt develops into a fully-fledged
French troops help put down the northern revolt,
continues guerrilla operations throughout the 1970s and 1980s
with the help of weapons supplied by Libya.
Tombalbaye deposed and killed in coup led
another southern Christian, Felix Malloum.
Libya annexes the northern Chadian Aouzou strip.
Malloum forced to flee the country; a coalition govt. headed
Muslim northerner, Goukouni Oueddei, assumes power.
Libya sends in troops to support Oueddei in his fight against the
of the North, led by a former prime minister, Hissen Habre.
Libyan troops withdraw at Oueddei's request.
Habre's troops capture the capital,
Organization of African Unity recognizes Habre's
Oueddei's forces continue resistance in the north with Libya's help.
The combined troops of Frolinat and the Chadian
and US assistance, force Libya out of the
northern region except the Aouzou strip and parts of Tibesti.
Habre toppled after his army is defeated by rebels of the Sudan-
and Libyan-backed Patriotic Salvation Movement,
led by a former Habre
ally, Idriss Deby.
National democracy conference sets up a transitional government
Deby as interim president and calls for free elections within a year.
International Court of Justice rejects Libyan claims on
Aouzou and rules
that Chad had sovereignty over the strip.
Deby wins Chad's first multiparty presidential election.
Deby's Patriotic Salvation Movement triumphs on legislative elections.
The Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad, led by Deby's former
Defence Minister, Youssouf Togoimi, starts it's rebellion against the
Rebels of the Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad (MDJC) claim
they captured the key govt. garrison town of Bardai in the north.
President Deby urges MDJC rebels to end their revolt,
continuing heavy fighting with govt. troops
KIAs include the deputy commander of the presidential security guards.
Court of appeal in Senegal upholds ruling that former Chadian
President Habre should not be made to stand trial in Senegal, where he is
It decided that Senegal's courts do not have the jurisdiction to
Habre on torture charges during his eight years in power in Chad.
the winner in presidential election which was held
on 20 May. 6 unsuccessful presidential candidates are picked
up for questioning by police and then released an hour later.